7 April, 2008


Filed under: BFR, Ground School, VFR — Tags: — clgood @ 2:12

Not a BBQ recipe, but a way to remember what equipment is required for VFR flight.

TOMATO FLAMES plus FLAPS for night.

T achometer
O oil pressure gauge
M anifold pressure gauge for each atmosphere engine
A irspeed indicator
T emperature gauge for each liquid cooled engine
O il temperature gauge

F uel level gauge
L anding gear position indicator
A ltimeter
M agnetic heading indicator
E mergency locator transmitter (ELT)
S eat belts

And, of course, for night:

F uses
L anding lights
A nticollision lamps
P position indicator lamps
S ource of power



  1. […] The pre-flight was fast and we fired up the engine, but moments later the taxi/landing light blew. Getting a new bulb was out of the question, so we called up AOPA’s member services – closed for the night – and proceeded to whip out the laptop and look up FARs. A landing light was required for commercial flight, but not private VFR-night flight (pilots, remember your TOMATO FLAMES+FLAPS). […]

    Pingback by The Landing Light - 172 at Denver International — 22 November, 2008 @ 23:20

  2. Thanks for having this in a single, clean, post. I linked to it here:


    Comment by Sol Young — 22 November, 2008 @ 23:39

  3. This list is incorrect buddy. The acronym is


    Comment by Captain — 30 July, 2010 @ 6:51

  4. Actually Captian.. he has the acronym correct, its how I learned it. Besides both have the same items, try not to be such a Captian..

    Comment by bob — 22 September, 2010 @ 10:40

    • Captain is correct. The three A’s represent Altimeter, Airspeed Indicator, and Anti-collision light. Anti-collision light is required for both day and night VFR flight. The catch for the day requirment is it is only required for aircraft certificated after March 11, 1996 which I imagine for most people who are flying older aircraft it is not required thus not inclued in the acronym.

      Comment by John Townsend — 30 September, 2010 @ 3:30

      • Captain is incorrect. I work for the FAA and as part of the FAR AIM pre-knowledge part of the private check ride, the student is not required to know the anti-collision day time flight reg. although i do recomend it.

        Comment by Gmac — 14 November, 2011 @ 2:33

    • its actually atomatoflames. anti-collision light march 3 1976

      Comment by jean — 3 June, 2014 @ 18:02

    • Yeah he is right, its missing anti collision lights, just cause that how you learned it doesnt make it right.

      Comment by Bucky — 29 August, 2018 @ 16:50

  5. Can you give meaning to my name too? hehe

    Comment by Flight Lessons — 2 June, 2011 @ 21:10

  6. I learned it as TOMATO FLAAMES. It doesn’t matter how you recall it as long as you know it.

    Comment by Rob — 14 December, 2012 @ 6:28

  7. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future
    and it’s time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you some interesting things or advice. Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article. I wish to read more things about it!

    Comment by pilate classes — 17 July, 2013 @ 12:28

  8. He then went on to Lenox Hill Hospital, where he spent 3 added years of fellowship
    in Cardiovascular Ailments.

    Comment by detox how to — 27 July, 2013 @ 15:37

  9. […] of course, so I wouldn’t be complacent, landings 6 & 7 would be without a landing light. A TOMATO FLAMES + FLAPS is a mnemonic most student pilots will encounter during their training and one I got into during […]

    Pingback by Loop and Lands | Flight 40 — 31 October, 2013 @ 16:07

  10. We often resort to eating when stressed, angry,
    or just plain bored. Send them back if you have to.

    Salty foods are found to keep nausea and vomiting at
    bay in many women.

    Comment by — 21 February, 2014 @ 6:52

  11. … or one could just keep a list of FAR references for this sort of thing and look it up if ever needed ;). This notion that we have to memorize all this trivia (which changes anyway) is a bit overkill imo. But then, I’ve only been flying for 40+ years all over the globe so whatda I know..?!

    Comment by R Coleman — 4 March, 2015 @ 3:11

  12. […] […]

    Pingback by Night Operations | Long Ca — 5 May, 2016 @ 3:49

  13. cool story bra

    Comment by Mr. Dick Head — 28 June, 2016 @ 2:45

  14. Hi there – per 14 CFR 1.1, “Altitude engine means a reciprocating aircraft engine having a rated takeoff power that is producible from sea level to an established higher altitude.” It’s not “atmosphere” engine.

    Comment by wdpalmer — 29 November, 2017 @ 13:03

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